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Analysis and reflections

AFRICA POLICYThe Continental Congo Crisis By JAMES H. BARNETT

Published on: February 20, 2018
James H. Barnett is a Public Interest Fellow in Washington, DC..


Prosecuting Presidents, by Millius Palayiwa

Prosecuting Presidents,or The Challenges of International Indictments of African Leaders


"All Politics Is Local"-How we fail today's victims of genocide in Central Africa (Sabine Grund)

Genocide and crimes against humanity have been occurring in Central Africa for over two decades – with millions dead and millions traumatized. The role of the Rwandan regime in the destabilization of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has been revealed in 2011 and 2012 by the United Nations (UN) Group of Experts on the DR Congo, and reported in various media. The UN Mapping Report of August 2010 only covers the bloody history in the DR Congo 1993-2003. Only lately has Rwandan president General Paul Kagame faced criticism from human rights organizations in the United States of America (US) and Europe. Yet Kagame and his international backers have been responsible for atrocities since 1990 in Rwanda and then in the DR Congo. Who is the 'hidden hand' behind this, who has covered up all these crimes and prolonged the suffering? And what needs to be done to restore justice?


Tears For Syria; Hypocrisy For Congo (Yaa-Lengi Ngemi)

Western powers and the corporate media spout hypocritical and vociferous condemnations of Assad’s Syria and of Russia's and China's support for the regime there.


A Framework for Peace in Africa's Great Lakes (Rigobert Minani)

see attachment


The Nobel Peace Prize recipient, Barack H. Obama, has not always lived up to the World's expectation. (Salomon Valaka)

It has been almost three and half years since our beloved President, Barack Hussein Obama, has taken control, not only of the Oval office, but also and most importantly, the world affairs. Just a couple months after being sworn as the first black president in American history, President Obama made news for winning one of the most acclaimed, coveted and prestigious honors; The Nobel Peace Prize, even though the man had not yet accomplish anything.


Z-Space : Transcript of David Barouski's 10/19/08 Presentation for Congo Week in Chicago, IL.

Ladies and Gentleman,
Thank you all for coming here tonight. I am deeply honored to be here with you for the beginning of Congo Week. I would especially like to thank Mr. Kambale Musavuli, an inspiring young man, whose initiative, creative vision, compassion, and love for his country made this event and others like it around the world possible. I would like to recognize the main sponsors of Congo Week, the Friends of the Congo (who generously supplied us with the video), the African Faith and Justice Network, Global Congo Action, the Hip Hop Caucus, Global Ministries, the Institute for Policy Studies, Jubilee USA Network, Resist AFRICOM, People to People Liaison, and the Women for the Development of the DRC. I am grateful to all the talented and generous artists and designers who contributed to the Congo Week fundraising CD. I must also personally thank Mrs. Janet Bean for organizing this event, for inviting me to be here, and for offering me her hospitality and generosity. I would like to thank Mr. Kisuule Magala for sharing his thoughtful and unique insights on the Congo and finally, I must thank the staff and management of the Hideout for allowing us to have this venue here tonight and for their kind hospitality.


Just How Serious is the Situation in the DRC in DC? By Scott A Morgan

We have seen the Statements by the Secretary of State Hillary Clinton and the Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice regarding the horrific rapes that occurred earlier this month in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. There is a investigation underway by the United Nations regarding the actions taken by the Peacekeepers. But what of the United States itself?


Political Will paper, by J. Yv Katshung



A failed revolution and a need for a new vision

by turnhardtoeasy ~ December 8th, 2009. Filed under: Politics.

I’m concerned by what has happened to our dear nation and our people as a whole! Yesteryear we had faith and hope that when the colonizers would leave us alone; we would live as masters in our own land. In the contrary, today, the Congolese people are scattered all over the world in search of a new safe “home”! Terrible was the fact that when they (colonizers) left us we were plunged into an unprecedented chaos as never seen before; fragile leadership couldn’t stand up to the task mutiny, civil war and especially lack of leadership erupted all over the nation. Some thought that maybe it was time to call in a dictator consul to restore order has it used to be a norm in the ancient Roman Empire, only to find out that time and era has significantly changed.


Thoughts on Hillary Clinton's Visit at HEAL Africa Yesterday (blog)

For a short while yesterday afternoon, the NGO I work for found itself at the epicenter of international media attention. US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton came to visit the HEAL Africa hospital to interview survivors of sexual violence and to participate in a roundtable discussion with women activists. Even though most of my Congolese colleagues did not know much about Clinton, they were glad about her visit because they understand its symbolic importance. No one that high up in the US government had visited DRC in years, let alone taken the time to personally meet the women affected by the ongoing conflict. Clinton brought much-needed recognition to their struggle.


A CYNICAL STATEMENT? Hillary Clinton Tells Congo to “Turn the Page”; Congolese Intellectual Answers

Jean-Pierre Mbelu

“We wish to work with people for a better future and not with people who refer to the past.” An encouraging statement? It’s false!


Réponse d’un Congolais à Madame Hillary Clinton, secrétaire d’Etat des Etats-Unis d’Amérique (Roger Puah)

Madame la secrétaire d’Etat des Etats-Unis d’Amérique,

«Nous voulons travailler avec des gens pour un meilleur avenir et non avec des gens qui se réfèrent au passé ». Cette phrase prononcée dans une de vos interventions à Kinshasa est affligeante et porteuse de divisions au sein d’une société congolaise traumatisée par une guerre sans fin qui dure depuis 13 ans. Les Etats-Unis d’Amérique, votre pays veulent travailler avec les Congolais, avec cette condition : ne plus se référer au passé, c’est-à-dire à toute l’humiliation que nous subissons depuis plus de dix ans, et peut-être depuis près de cinquante ans.


Whatever the culture of lies... (Alain Matiki.)

For a very good reason, servicemen and servicewomen should fight. This includes for British interest and vulnerable people all over the world. For a great job they do, they deserve a well treatment. They should also resist to be put in fire when lies occur in the minds of the political leaders. When lies have been proved in the so-called war of justice, is there any excuse of extending it while lives are misused? Instead they should put politics in fire when they realise their lead is out of good motivations.




Truth commissions have been multiplying rapidly around the world and gaining increasing attention in recent years. They are proposed for different reasons and driven by diverse motives. They can be used firstly, for the purpose of national reconciliation and in the interests of the society; secondly, sometimes they can be used to avoid accountability or prosecution and merely to shield an offender from justice.


General Assembly of the United Nations Panel on the Financial Crisis, a contribution by François Houtart (30 October 2008)

Francois Houtart is Founder and President of the Centre Tricontinental and Professor Emeritus of Sociology at the Université Catholique de Louvain.


Struggle News Worldwide: From Kimpa Vita to Lumumba to the women of Panzi : the fear of emancipatory history in the DRC

Jacques Depelchin, Ota Benga,

As events unfold in DRC, the usual questions are being asked: who is responsible for the current war within the war, which never really ended in 2003, and its ensuing humanitarian crisis? In the pages of one of the most respected dailies of Kinshasa (Le Potentiel), well-known philosophers have offered conflicting ways of looking at, and analyzing, the conflict.


Thoughts from a troubled pacifist by Geoff Ryan

You’d think, to hear some people talk,
That lads go West with sobs and curses,
And sullen faces white as chalk,
Hankering for wreaths and tombs and hearses.
But they’ve been taught the way to do it
Like Christian soldiers; not with haste
And shuddering groans; but passing through it
With due regard for decent taste.

How to Die by Siegfried Sassoon


When Reality contradicts Rhetoric: Civilians Protection in the DRC

By Dr. Joseph Yav Katshung[i]


In September 2005, world leaders at the United Nations endorsed a historic declaration that the international community has a "responsibility… to help protect populations from genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity" and expressed a willingness to take timely and decisive action when states "manifestly fail" to protect their own populations from these threats.[1]


21.10.08 How to Become an Expert on the Congo in Just Five Minutes a Day (Kate Cronin-Furman)

Perhaps you've seen recent news articles about the Democratic Republic of the Congo and wondered to yourself, "what are Rwandan rebels doing in the Kivus?" Or you saw that Laurent Nkunda had announced his intention to "liberate" the entire country and asked yourself, "who is this guy, and where can I get a 'rebels for Christ' pin?"


Isn’t it time we split this country up? (Opalo's weblog)

One of the defining characteristics of a legitimate state is that it ought to have a monopoly over the use of violence. The army, the police and all physical security apparatus belong to the state. When a state cannot command enough authority and support to have this monopoly - for more than a decade - then the question of whether such a state is legitimate ought to be seriously considered.



Training for Leadership in the Seminaries


Please Spare the Congo This Liberation (A. Peterson)

Rebel leader extraordinaire Laurent Nkunda is taking his provincial liberation movement nation-wide.


Angelina Jolie, goodwill ambassador to the UNHCR, hopes for progress in bringing war criminals to justice.

From The World in 2008 print edition
This is copied verbatim from The Economist. It's an essay by Angelina Jolie.


Prospects for Sustained Peace in the Democratic Republic of Congo (Ernest Wamba dia Wamba)

Professor Wamba dia Wamba is a leader of the Rassemblement Congolais la democratie (RCD-Kisangani), and is based in Kinshasa, the capital town of the Democratic Republic of Congo. He is a recipient of the prestigious Prince Claus Award for Culture and Development in recognition of his “scholarly contribution to the development of African philosophy and for sparking off the philosophical debate on social and political themes in Africa.” He has written innumerable articles in various scientific and non-scientific journals on the politics in Africa. He has taught at Harvard University and at the University of Dar-es-Salaam, to name but a few. He is a member of the Honorary Board of the Ota Benga Alliance. We are pleased to present this thoughtful analysis from July of 2003, recently posted on Transcend Africa Network, September 15, 2008.


The EU should rally behind INGA hydro power (by E. Rhein)

Only specialists know about INGA, the site for the biggest hydropower potential in the world, situated on the Congo River, some 200 km downstream from Kinshasa. With its 44 GW, it is able to generate more hydropower than either the Itaipu or the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze, so far the biggest hydropower plants on earth.
If developed, it would be able to supply all of Africa with electricity, without any C02 emissions. Unlike most hydropower plants INGA would not flood either major cities or forests and fertile land, just rocks and barren land.



A lot of people think everything is everything

Saying you got yourself a little deal whatever

That you’re gonna get rich, but you gotta read the label

Always read the label


Invest in Africa (Muzi Nzoi)

Is investing into other countries imperialistic by nature? Is there any thing wrong with rich nations buy stakes in companies of less fortunate countries? Around 1995/96 when Lauren Kabila was closing down on Zaire Nelson Mandela had tried asking Mabutu Seseseko to come to South Africa and avoid bloodshed. It made economic sense given minerals and hydroelectric power of that country. When Kabile Senior came closer Mandela heard that he already had a deal with Canada, which was supporting him with Arms then South Africa turned against him.


Justice or Peace? War Victims Speak by Suliman Baldo

In Africa's worst conflicts, victims' voices are rarely heard during the elite debate that treats peace and justice as though they were an either-or.


Greasing the wheels of reconciliation in the Great Lakes region (Joseph Yav Katshung*)

* Dr Joseph Yav Katshung is a lecturer in the Faculty of Law at the University of Lubumbashi,
an advocate at the Lubumbashi Bar Association and the coordinator of the UNESCO Chair
for Human Rights, Democracy, Good Governance, Confl ict Resolution and Peace at the
University of Lubumbashi, DRC.


Political Dynasties in African Politics (Prof. Ali A. Mazrui, Kampala)

Political dynasties are families that have exerted disproportionate influence on the politics of their societies. If they are successful, they may produce more than one Head of State or Head of Government. But at the very minimum, political dynasties have produced political leaders in varied ranks of the political process.


Forts ¨Place : Animal or Not They Don't DESEARVE it.

I was going to write a blog not long ago where I would make you imagine yourself as a gorilla from the Congo. All 600lbs of you crossing that awe inspiring landscape, looking for food, searching for a mate, tending to your young and whatever other things massive primates do. But then I decided to go against that. After watching an episode of the Fifth Estate last night I decided to tell you another story to make my point and to be brutally honest.


Top 10 Misconceptions about Chinese Investment in Africa (Codrin Arsene)

Many people consider China to be Africa’s new best friend, discovered after years and years of searching. Is this really the case? What are the common misconceptions about Chinese Investment in Africa? How much of a win-win relationship is this? Who benefits most out of this deal? Find out here.


“Blood cells” letter writing campaign: 6 for 6.

I’ve been thinking more about what I said in my last post about cellphones and the Congo, specifically on the issue of the power of consumers to make a difference…


A discussion about Gorilla murders in Africa’s Virunga National Park

A discussion about Gorilla murders in Africa’s Virunga National Park with Dr. Emmanuel de Merode, Brent Stirton and Godefroid Wambale.


Cultural issues in evaluation ( from the blog :intelligent measurement)

Having spent the last week in the Congo - mostly in Kisangani (pictured above) for an evaluation project, I’ve been thinking about cultural issues and evaluation - in particular how evaluators are perceived in different societies as I’ve written about before.


Challenges to the rule of law (Pambazuka)

Dieu-Donné WEDI DJAMBA argues that the march toward democracy in Africa is not only under threat by dictators using dictatorial means to stay in power, but also by democratically elected leaders who use democratic processes to cement their hold over power.


Lost Dream - Analysis: Africa’s Ailments: Focus -South Africa, Zimbabwe and Kenya Are the walls come tumbling down?

Preview: The promise and hope of the 1960s independence seems gone with the wind. The prevailing hopeful winds of independence once blowing through the length and the breadth of the continent, has given way to prevailing winds of violence, busted dreams, misrule, dictatorship, social injustice, economical and political meltdown. The emerging post colonial states once shooting for heights and idealism, freedom and liberty, have given way to basket case, regressive and despotic states.


African Liberation Day: the people must prevail Horace Campbell (2008-05-22)

In this essay, Horace Campbell looks at the importance of Africa Liberation Day, its changing relevances as Africans are betrayed by the architects of first independence and how, through struggle, we can reclaim and fulfill its promise.