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Analysis and reflections
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12 03 14 PS - Q&A: Women Hold the Key to Peace in DRC

Matthew Newsome interviews MARY ROBINSON, former Irish president and United Nations Special Envoy for the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and the Great Lakes Region


19 09 13 Tax - Interview SRSG Kobler ( MONUSCO is more lively than some national administrations)

What kind of political pressure can you put on Congo’s government so that it plays its part?
The power of the word of the international community, and thefive special envoys. But I deplore that Germany and the EU want to disengage from security sector reform. That is a wrong signal. Reforming the security secor is an absolute priority. Congolese intervention forces need to be built which act according to international human rights standards. That’s important. I hope that the EU will revise its decision.


16/05/2013 RFI - Oscar Rashidi sur RFI: «la corruption gangrène tous les secteurs économiques de la RDC»

Pas facile de lutter pour la transparence financière en République démocratique du Congo. Dans le classement 2012 de Transparency International, c'est l'un des pays les plus corrompus au monde. Il occupe la 160ème place sur 176. Pourtant, Oscar Rashidi se bat. A la tête de la Licof, la Ligue contre la corruption et la fraude au Congo, il publie tous les ans un rapport sur l'état du pays. Il répond aux questions de Christophe Boisbouvier.


18 04 13 IPS - Q&A - Why 'Rape Victims Must Talk About Their Trauma'

United Nations — Rape is often perceived as an individual trauma, but in reality its impact extends far beyond a single person and instead affects entire communities, complicating the already challenging task of helping victims of sexual violence.


11 03 13 Congo Siasa - Interview: Stabilizing the Kivus––lessons learned, the path ahead

Guillaume Lacaille is an independent political analyst who specializes in conflicts in Africa. He has previously worked as a political officer with MONUC and as the senior Congo analyst for the International Crisis Group (ICG). In 2012, he was seconded by the Swiss government to MONUSCO to support the UN stabilisation unit in redesigning the international stabilisation strategy for eastern Congo (I4S).
The result of this revision has just been presented to the UN Security Council in a special annex to the report of the UN Secretary-General on the DRC that was released on 15 February.


09 03 12 Congo Siasa - Interview: Is there too much focus on sexual violence in the Congo?

On Monday this week, Laura Heaton published an article in Foreign Policy about the mass rape of women in the Congolese jungle town of Luvungi in late July and early August 2010. Heaton’s reporting suggests that that the rape figures were exaggerated, and that in general sexual violence has been received far more funding and attention than other humanitarian needs in the eastern Congo––she reports that the 1,4 million displaced people in 2011 only received half as much aid as rape victims, and that NGOs dealing with sexual violence in South Kivu had grown from 10 to 300 in ten years.


25/02/13 Deutsche Welle - Zounmenou: Agreement on DRC "beginning of a return to peace"

Eleven African countries have signed a deal in Addis Ababa aimed at bringing peace to the east of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Analysts believe the agreement could make a difference.


27 02 13 Daily Maverick (South Africa) - DRC peace deal: Problems solved, right?

A peace deal aimed at fixing the long-running conflict in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo was signed in Addis Ababa on Sunday. World leaders hailed the agreement, but it is not without a few major flaws. SIMON ALLISON takes you through the details.


14 02 13 Afrikarabia - Paul Kagame : "Understand Rwanda is not the creator of the problems in Congo"

- Jean Francois Dupaquier : Mr. President, in DRC the public opinion seems very unfriendly to Rwanda and yourself sometimes cartooned as a new Hitler. Do you think this hostility may disappear in a foreseeable future or do you feel it may seem a basic part of Congolese identity?


04/02/13 Radio Netherlands - ICC detention centre: a Guantanamo to 3 DRC witnesses?

Last month the International Criminal Court (ICC) handed down the second verdict in its 10-year history: Congolese militia leader Mathieu Ngudjolo Chui was found not guilty of crimes against humanity and war crimes relating to a deadly 2003 attack in the Ituri region of DR Congo. Ngudjolo was released pending the prosecutors’ appeal, but the three Congolese witnesses who testified against him remain in custody.


30 01 13 CNN - Rwanda’s President Kagame: ‘We have a problem’

By Samuel Burke, Claire Calzonetti & Juliet Fuisz, CNN

Rwanda's president, Paul Kagame, has been a darling of the West ever since he led his country out of the terrible 1994 genocide that left up to one million people dead.


18 01 13 Global Observatory - Interview with Steve Hege, Former Coordinator, UN Group of Experts on the DRC

by Francesco Mancini , Wednesday, January 16, 2013

Steve Hege is the former coordinator of the United Nations Group of Experts on the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), which in November 2012 presented a report to the UN Security Council that contained overwhelming evidence of Rwanda and Uganda's support of the M23 rebel group.


11 12 12 Congo's Weak Peace Process

Interviewee: Jason Stearns, Director, Rift Valley Institute, Usalama Project
Interviewer: Christopher Alessi, Online Editor/Writer


01 12 12 Congo Siasa - Interview with Bertrand Bisimwa, M23 Spokesperson

Just before the M23 left Goma this morning, I spoke with Bertrand Bisimwa, their spokesperson. This is a transcription and a translation from French.


28 11 12 US Department of State daily press briefing - 26 November

-- excerpts on DRC


05-11-12 Daily Monitor (Uganda) Congo crisis: Making sense of Kabila, United Nations and M23 insurgency

Another report by the United Nations’ group of experts on the DR Congo was recently leaked to the press causing a media and diplomatic frenzy.

The highlight of the findings is that the governments of Rwanda and Uganda support armed rebels fighting the DR Congo government.

The most significant aspect of these recent reports is President Kabila’s conspicuous diplomatic offensive to portray Uganda and Rwanda as villains and the consequent aid cuts to Rwanda. Some background is necessary.


28 10 12 Sunday Monitor (Uganda) - Rwanda is the Great Lakes region’s ‘bad boy’, Kabila says

Out of the woods. In an unprecedented move, the Democratic Republic of Congo President Joseph Kabila invited nine Ugandan journalists, drawn mostly from the broadcast media, for a chat in Kinshasa. In a 36-minutes interview at the palatial River Congo-side Palais De Le Nation, overlooking Congo Brazaville, Mr Kabila rejected the notion that his government has a diminished state authority in eastern part of the DRC, and said it’s Rwanda, the region’s “bad boy”, together with Uganda stirring up things through M23 rebels. The President made no opening remarks, choosing instead to take only questions. Our Senior Reporter TABU BUTAGIRA was in Kinshasa and reproduces a slightly edited version of the interview.


23 10 12 AllAfrica -Rwanda: Favoring African Solutions, Not Tribal Alliances - FM Mushikiwabo


New York — The verified Twitter account of the Rwandan president, @PaulKagame, suddenly came to life on October 10 after a five-month silence. The 15 late-night posts were a mixture of defensiveness – “we will not be deterred by anyone” – and defiance, calling criticisms of his government’s actions “fabricated, misinterpreted or exaggerated.”


29 09 12 TimeWorld - Q&A: Rwandan President Paul Kagame

This is a long interview –almost 20 pages. But it is worth reading it. Paul Kagame talks about Kabila –their tense relationship. He also talks about M23, FDLR, CNDP, Bosco Ntaganda, Laurent Nkundabatware, DRC, Rwanda, the eroding geostrategic dividend from the International Community and United Nations. Many much more.....

Enjoy your week end.


01 08 12 Le Soir (B) - Rwandan Defense Minister James Kabarebe Spills 'Secrets' About DRC, M23 (translation)

Who in the Congolese establishment caused the latest international uproar over alleged Rwanda link to M23 rebels?

What is the role of President Kabila?

Why in the first place did it all happen so fast? Is the Rwanda Defense Forces (RDF) comparable to the Belgian army?

You will be surprised after reading the latest interview from Rwanda's Defense Minister, General James Kabarebe.

In an interview with Belgian journalist Colette Braeckman, the General tells about the Rwandan verson of the facts. The interview is originally in French.


05 08 11 Interview with Eric Kajemba on Conflict Minerals (+reactions)

The following is an interview with Eric Kajemba, founder and director of Observatoire Gouvernance et Paix (OGP), a civil society NGO based in Bukavu. Eric's work is focused on improving the accountability of government institutions and has worked extensively on the minerals trade.


31 05 11 Interview with MONUSCO’s Chief of DDRRR

Goma, 30 May 2011 - The Disarmament, Demobilization, Repatriation, Reintegration, and Resettlement (DDR/RR) Section of MONUSCO is responsible for repatriating all foreign combatants in the DRC and assisting the government in demobilizing the Congolese combatants. The following is an exclusive interview with DDR/RR Director Gregory Alex.


23 05 11 Twitch talks exclusively to VIVA RIVA! director Djo Munga

by James Marsh,

One of the most exciting discoveries of the year, the slick, violent and seriously sexy crime flick from Congo, VIVA RIVA! is coming to the US. The film scooped six prizes at the 2010 African Academy Awards, including Best Film and Best Director and opens in New York and Los Angeles on June 10, before spreading out to selected cities across the country in the following weeks. I guarantee it will blow apart any preconceptions you may have of African fimmaking. Through the powers of the interwebs, last week I was able to chat with writer-director Djo Tunda Wa Munga about being an adolescent film fan in war-torn Zaire, how he was able to produce Congo's first feature film in 20 years, and his future plans to make the ultimate Africa/Asia gangster epic!


31-01-11 ICRC-Democratic Republic of the Congo: Fernand Kalenga, bearer of good news

Ferdinand Kalenga has just retired after working for 14 years at the International Committee of the Red Cross. Fresh from his work restoring contact between family members separated by the conflict in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), Fernand agreed to share his memories with Espérance Tshibuabua, an ICRC employee in Kinshasa.


16.11.10 Archbishop of Kisangani tells Fides about city's role in peace efforts

Kisangani (Agenzia Fides) – "I'm ready to take up the pilgrim's stick as defender and herald of peace," Archbishop Marcel Utempi Tapa, Archbishop of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) said in an interview with Fides.
Kisangani has an important role for peace in the DRC and the Great Lakes Region, because it was there that a training center for the Congolese Army was created with the help of the American Army (the training materials teach compliance with the laws of war and human rights) and it was where the first conference of religious leaders of the four countries affected by the violence of the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) was held.
Archbishop Utempi Tapa expressed some considerations on the security situation in the region.


11.06.10 United Nations Radio: Fresh child soldier recruits in the new army

High numbers of children continue to be used as soldiers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo despite a law passed last year in the DRC forbidding the recruitment of children. IRIN Radio's reporter Amy Lieberman spoke to the UN Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, Radhika Coomaraswamy and asked her first to explain what's happening in eastern DRC.


10.02.10 Congo Siasa: Interview with Kris Berwouts

Below is an interview I conducted with Kris Berwouts, the director of the Belgium-based European Network for Central Africa (EurAc), a network of 46 non-governmental organizations that work on Central Africa. Kris has been working on the region since the 1980s and just came back from a research and advocacy trip to Kinshasa and the Kivus.


04.02.10 : Interview With Mugisho Ndabuli Theophile from DR CONGO

Background: I met Mugisho when I joined The Safe World Support Centre. Mugisho is the Team Leader of the DR Congo Project, and I became one of his volunteers. As I had more correspondence with Mugisho, I learned that he is also starting a new project called Congolese Females Action For Promoting Their Rights (COFAPRI). Part of the text of Mugisho’s plan reads as follows:


21.12.09 Forbes - Get Briefed: Nancy Lindborg

About Nancy Lindborg

Nancy Lindborg is president of Mercy Corps, an international relief and development organization.

Before joining Mercy Corps in 1996, Lindborg managed economic development programs as a regional director in post-Soviet central Asia. She also worked in the private sector as a public policy consultant in Chicago and San Francisco.

Based in Washington, D.C., Lindborg is co-president on the board of directors for the U.S. Global Leadership Campaign. She is co-chair of the National Committee on North Korea, where she tries to advance engagement between the U.S. and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Lindborg is also a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and she was previously on the USAID Advisory Committee on Voluntary Foreign Aid.

Lindborg previously served on the Sphere Management Committee, an international initiative to improve the effectiveness and accountability of nongovernmental organizations, and she also chaired that committee. Lindborg previously served as co-chair of the InterAction Disaster Response Committee.

Lindborg has bachelor's and master's degrees in English literature from Stanford University and a master's degree in public administration from the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.


08.12.09 Congo Siasa: Interview on the Congo's electoral process: Guillaume Lacaille

As on the momentous occasion of the third anniversary of President Kabila's inauguration, I interviewed Guillaume Lacaille from the International Crisis Group about the direction the government is taking. Guillaume was recently in Kinshasa to take a closer look at the electoral process - it isn't looking very good.


21.10.09 DRC Mining Contract Review: interview Peter Rosenblum (BBC)

Listen to Peter Rosenblum’s interview with the BBC regarding the contract review process. Here:



19.09.09 AllAfrica: Peace Campaigners Turn up Heat on Apple, Intel Over Conflict Minerals

The Enough Project, a leading Washington, DC-based advocacy group focusing on genocide and crimes against humanity, is stepping up efforts to end conflict in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's trip last month to the troubled eastern region has put a spotlight on the humanitarian crisis in the area and inevitably raises questions about what the U.S. government can and will do. In an interview, Enough co-founder John Prendegast talks about changing the economic equation for conflict minerals and the role that Uganda and Rwanda can play in ending the crisis. Excerpts:


19.08.09 Africa News - Lisanga Bonganga : la place de Bemba est à Kinshasa

Ce parti invite le Gouvernement RD-congolais à présenter la disponibilité du pays à recevoir l'élu des élus En garantissant à la CPI les conditions exigées pour la poursuite de la procédure


15.08.09 US Dep. of State: Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues Melanne Verveer on Gender-Based Violence in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Melanne Verveer
Ambassador-at-Large for Global Women's Issues
Washington, DC
August 14, 2009


11.08.09 Interview by Jaldeep Katwala of Radio Okapi

Hillary Rodham Clinton
Secretary of State
Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
August 10, 2009


04.04.09 NYT: An Interview With Joseph Kabila


The following are edited excerpts of Jeffrey Gettleman's interview with Joseph Kabila, president of the Democratic Republic of Congo.


17.02.09 El Niño Ventures : Jean Luc Roy(*) Speaks to Proactiveinvestors

(*) President and CEO of El Niño Ventures


09.02.09 allAfrica: Rwanda Needs Internal Talks to End DRC War

Faatimah Hendricks


In a surprise move last month, Rwanda detained its erstwhile ally, the Congolese rebel leader Laurent Nkunda, who led an offensive in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo late last year, defeating government forces in a series of battles. Masoka Hubert Tshiswaka is the DRC programme manager for the Open Society Institute. AllAfrica's Faatimah Hendricks discussed with him what the future looks like in the eastern DRC after Nkunda's detention. Excerpts:


09.02.09 CirqueMinime/ Paris: THAT JUSTICE BE DONE! Col. Jacques Hogard interviewed by Alain Chevaléria--translated from the French by CM/P

[These early Obama days in France are all abuzz over the new Pierre Péan book pantsing Bernie Kouchner, “Le Monde Selon K.” (kind of a riff on another French journalist’s work, Karl Zero's fucku-Bush-a-mentary, "The World According to W.", or Oliver Stone's cute comedy, just plain 'W'.--W's even pictured caressing K on Péan’s cover.).


12.12.08 Financial Times Transcript: Paul Kagame interview

A United Nations panel of experts on Friday accused Rwandan officials of complicity in the latest eruption of violence in Eastern Congo, and of supporting Laurent Nkunda, the ethnic Tutsi rebel who has captured a swathe of territory. The accusations come on the back of growing international pressure on the governments of both Kigali and Kinshasa to address long standing grievances that led to the outbreak of two previous wars in 1996 and between 1998 and 2003.

William Wallis, Financial Times Africa editor, interviewed President Paul Kagame of Rwanda recently in Geneva. The following is an abridged transcript



Vital Kamerhe, president of the National Assembly in the Democratic Republic of Congo, speaks to SPIEGEL about the war in Congo and the guilt shared by companies in the industrialized world.


11.16.08 MONITOR (Uganda) : Nkunda: ‘Rebel with a cause’

For the past two months there has been fierce fighting in eastern Congo between rebel forces of the National Congress for Peoples Defence, (CNDP) headed by Gen. Laurent Nkunda and Congolese government forces, FARDC; elements of the Democratic Liberation forces for Rwanda (FDLR) and PRECCO. Thousands have been displaced as the rebels advance on the regional capital, Goma. Paul Harrera spoke to Gen. Nkunda in Kichanga. Excerpts:-


11.03.08 Ota Benga Alliance, Interview with Ernest Wamba dia Wamba on the Crisis in the DRC

Following is an interview on October 31, 2008, by Pambazuka News editor-in-chief Firoze Manji with Ernest Wamba dia Wamba, founder and director of our sister organization, the Ota Benga Center for Human Dignity in Kinshasa, DRC. The interview will appear in a forthcoming issue of Pambazuka News, but we are posting it early because of the critical events now taking place in the DRC.


10. 30.08Age of Wisdom - World War Two Veteran Who Fears Not Death (The New Times (Kigali)

By Rwembeho Stephen

In Ngoma District, once known as Gisaka, lives a grand old man. Gisaka was a powerful, independent state in southeastern Rwanda, which maintained its independence until the mid-nineteenth century.

The old man, Uwihanganye Daudi, was born 117 years ago in the village of Akaziba, Ngoma, where he stays up to today. In 1941 Daudi was picked up when he was 30, and forced to go and fight alongside the Germans in the Second World War.


10.10.08 Congolese Dawn : Tim Butcher Interview

Tim Butcher’s book, ‘Blood River: A Journey to Africa’s Broken Heart’, part-travelogue, part-history of the Congo, topped bestseller lists early this year. The premise of the book was that Butcher would follow in the footsteps of Stanley, the first man to map the length of the Congo River, and in doing so tell the story of the country. We had the chance to speak to Butcher recently about his experiences.


09.10.08 Babacar Gaye (MONUC): The debate is that of the will of the signatories to respect the Goma Acts of Engagement

MONUC Force Commander General Babacar Gaye gave an interview to Radio Okapi – the United Nations Radio in the DRC - on Monday 8 September 2008, in which he explained MONUC’s military support to the peace process in eastern DRC, and in particular its support for the restoration of peace following clashes in Nyanzale in North Kivu province last weekend.


08.15.08 UNHCR News Stories Q&A: UN's top man in Congo sees silver lining amid humanitarian crisis

KINSHASA, Democratic Republic of the Congo, August 15 (UNHCR) – From Afghanistan to Lebanon, East Timor and Iraq, Ross Mountain has led UN operations in numerous hotspots and humanitarian emergencies. The New Zealander recently spoke to UNHCR's External Relations Officer in Kinshasa, Francesca Fontanini, about the challenges of his current role as the UN Secretary-General's Deputy Special Representative in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC).


08.14.08 Interview with Emily Doe, UN World Food Programme Officer in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Written by William Lambers
Published August 12, 2008
Part of Ending World Hunger


08.08.08 Kunyaza, the secret to female orgasm (Afrik/com)

Nsekuye Bizimana throws light on a revolutionary ancestral sexual practice

Experts confirm that 70% of women do not achieve orgasm from vaginal penetration alone. To help them achieve sexual satisfaction, Nsekuye Bizimana has decided to bring an african ancestral practice, known as “kunyaza”, to light. In “Le secret de l’amour à l’africaine » [the secret of african lovemaking] he reveals this ancestral sexual practice from the Central and Eastern African regions.


07.31.08 MONUC: Our strategy is conflict resolution in an integrated approach (Eoin Young / MONUC)

General Bikram Singh has completed his mandate as MONUC Eastern Division commander, having overseen the Nairobi Communiqué of November 2007 and the Goma peace agreements of January 2008. In an interview with MONUC’s website, General Singh explained the challenges he faced, outlined MONUC’s military strategy in support of the peace process in eastern DRC, and gave an evaluation of the peace process to date.


07.25.08 UNHCR / Q&A: Former health minister seeks a peace cure for DRC

KINSHASA, Democratic Republic of the Congo, July 25 (UNHCR) – A doctor by profession, Professor Mashako Mamba served as Minister of Health in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) from 1999-2003. Currently a member of the National Assembly, he has played an important role in efforts to restore peace to his troubled homeland. Mamba took part in peace talks that led to the signing in January of a peace accord – the so-called Acts of Engagement – between the government and rival armed groups in the eastern provinces of North Kivu and South Kivu. He is currently deputy coordinator of the Amani Programme, a mixed technical commission on peace and security operating in the two Kivus, Maniema, Orientale and Katanga provinces. He spoke recently to UNHCR External Relations Officer Francesca Fontanini about the situation in the east and efforts to secure lasting peace.


05.60.08 B. Gaye: It is necessary to be fair and say that our first challenge is our behaviour (Nina Yacoubian / MONUC)

International Peacekeepers Day is celebrated each year on 29 May. This year MONUC Force commander General Babacar Gaye spoke on the evolution of the United Nations Blue Helmets, and the challenges for the future. Interview


05.13.08 DR Congo: Doctor speaks out on atrocities of rape

As conflict continues to flare in Democratic Republic of the Congo, the
rape of women and young girls has long been used as a tactic by militia
to force villagers from their homes and tear down the social fabric of
the community. The sexual attacks taking place in the eastern region of
this war-torn country cannot be classified as merely rape. It's far more
savage, says Dr. Denis Mukwege, head of the Catholic Relief
Services-supported Panzi Hospital in Bukavu. Oftentimes the reproductive
organs of these women are completely destroyed, leading to serious
problems. Frequently, the rapists infect the women with HIV. The
psychological impact is immeasurable.