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09.06.10 CongoSiasa: List of armed groups in the Kivus

Armed groups in the eastern Congo are like brooms in Disney's (Goethe) Sorcerer's Apprentice: They just seem to keep multiplying. This is my effort to come up with a decent list of armed groups in the Kivus.




SAMPLE OF MOST IMPORTANT ARMED GROUPS

CNDP 

(split)

Gen Bosco Taganda

Gen Laurent Nkunda

Philippe Gafishi

Col Sultan Makenga

3,000-4,000 integrated

1,000-2,000 unitegrated

 

Control the Masisi highlands between Ngungu and Mweso

Protect Tutsi community

Protect interests of local elites (land, cows, businesses)

FDLR

Gen Sylvestre Mudacumura

3,000-4,000

Deployed in rural areas throughout rural South and North Kivu and Maniema. 

Extract resources, maintain ideology overthrowing RPF but little hope

ACPLS

Gen Janvier Buingo

Comd Innocent Balume

Comd Innocent Dunga

500-2,000

Centered around Nyabiondo, western Masisi.

Protect local Hunde community, in particular against ex-CNDP troops.

Mai-Mai Cheka

Colonel Cheka

50-200

Based around Mubi and Njigala, Walikale

Benefit from taxation rackets and put pressure on mining companies workin in the Bisie mine.

PARECO

Gen Ntasibanga

?

300-1,000

Lubero/Masisi territory

FPLC 

“Gen.” Gadi Ngabo

200-500

In Rutshuru territory and Uganda

Galvanize former CNDP officers, obtain backing from Uganda.

UJPS

Tumai Byamungu, official in ministry of interior

500-1,000

No permanently located troops, mostly within FARDC

Mostly kadogo from the AFDL era, multi-ethnic

Mai-Mai Mongol

Bigembe Nturinkukiko

Felicien Miganda

Dieudonne Shobora

500-1,500

In southern Masisi

Composed of Hutu

Partially integrated into FARDC

Mai-Mai Kifuafua

Colonel Delphin Mbaende

Didier Bitaki

Colonel Akilimali

300-1,000

In southern Masisi territory

Partially integrated into FARDC

Mostly Hunde and Tembo

Mai-Mai Simba

Colonel Marhegane

100-200 (?)

Around Miti, Kabare territory

A split off from the former Mudundu 40 group

FRF

Gen Venant Bisogo

Gen Michel Rukunda

100-300

In Biabo forest, Fizi territory

Mai Mai Yakutumba

Col Yakutumba

150-250

Around Baraka, Fizi territory

Strong anti-Tutsi ideology

Collaboration with FDLR

Mostly from Bembe community

Raia Mutomboki

 

Political representative: Gilbert Ngongo of South Kivu provincial assembly

100-1,000

Shabunda territory

A self-defense group with little capacity that lies dormant most of the time

Jeshi la Uma

100-300

Shabunda territory

Mai Mai Zabuloni

Colonel Zabuloni (now in Bukavu, leadership struggle)

50-150

Rusizi plains, moyen plateau of Uvira territory

Little coherent ideology

Soldier mostly from Fuliro community

Mai Mai Kirikicho

Colonel Kirikicho

50-200 (?)

In high plateau of Kalehe territory, Bunyakiri

Declared over 1,300 combatants but none entered integration process

Poorly organized and disciplined

Mai Mai Nyakiriba

Colonel Nyakiriba

100-200

Around Kasika, Mwenga territory

Not very active

Mai Mai Kapopo

Colonel Kapopo

200-400

Around Miki, Mwenga territory

Not very active

Mai-Mai Kyatende

“General” Kyatende Dittman

50-200

Southern Shabunda

Kyatende was the manager of the Muungano soccer team in Bukavu and was married to a German women before he decided to start an armed rebellion in 2010.


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